Steinbeck develops three critiques of how California dealt with migrant workers. Racism The harvest gypsies Filipino men arose less because of their role as a threat to white labor, but rather because of their extra-legal relations caused by laws against inter-racial liaisons and marriages with white women and the threat it posed to white masculinity.
Photo by Dorothea Lange of a migrant family in Kern County. With the farm labor force no longer dominated by white Americans, little The harvest gypsies or sympathy was focused on social conditions in rural California. While new arrivals, who still possess "spirit and decency" will attempt to maintain social graces, like privacy and hygiene, those who have been around longer and have been battered by starvation, sickness and death become listless and hopeless As such, he argues, California and the United States will have to come up with a more rational and just means of dealing with the migrants, lest social rebellion occur.
The "new migrant worker" Steinbeck discusses is that who comes with his family. The deputies are trained to make workers feel "inferior and insecure. He writes, "The migrants are needed, and they are hated. Because one of The harvest gypsies three conditions of staying in the camp was to help to maintain the cleanliness of the camp,  the migrant workers were given a responsibility that allowed them to contribute as members of a functioning community.
The middle class was poor,  and the lower class was even poorer. This constant degradation at the hands of the deputies sometimes leads to revolts.
While "[…] relations between the migrants and the small farmers are friendly and understanding," according to Steinbeck, larger growers employ an organized system of terror and manipulation when dealing with their labor pool He suggests that the family, like many others, could have received help, but had no resources to obtain it.
Again, Steinbeck remarks on their ability to live on very little food and with few material goods. This is reflected in the unwillingness of the children to show their faces at school where they are ridiculed for their ragged clothing.
He has the swollen belly caused by malnutrition. Chapter 3 The third installment examines the ways in which the growers utilize migrant labor and a variety of terror tactics they employ to keep the migrants in a perpetual state of fear, thus ensuring their inability to organize and overcome their oppression.
Pregnant migrant woman living in a squatter camp in Kern County, CA. Hundreds of thousands of new workers crossed the border, many of them arriving under the terms of the U.
Steinbeck first draws a juxtaposition between the large farms, responsible for the oppression, and the smaller farms that often treat the migrants more properly. He shows instead, only positive consequences will result from encouraging hygiene, civic duty and educating the young.
This flier may be a re-creation. Ideas of isolating or treating victims were overlooked, and the infected were sent to other counties where they spread the parasites. InHeyday Books released an updated version of its printing. McWilliams cited the series twice in the edition of his book Factories in the Field.
Throughout all seven articles, Steinbeck emphasizes that white Americans, bolstered by "pride and self-respect," were unwilling to accept the low pay and horrible working conditions accepted by immigrant laborers.
Steinbeck uses the case of this family, because it is among thousands of its kind. Those who hire the migrants encourage their immigration so much that "twice as much labor as was necessary" was present, and wages were kept low.
His articles built on and contributed to the works of economist Paul Taylor, photographer Dorothea Langeand historian Carey McWilliams. Steinbeck straightforwardly writes, "The problem of childbirth among the migrants is among the most terrible. He depicts the failure to link crop yield with the health of migrant workers by looking at the hookworm problem that spread across several counties.
The son lapses into unconsciousness, and the family is unable to reach a doctor before he dies of a ruptured appendix.
The twelve-year-old steals a brass gear to sell, and the father must walk to town to bail him out of jail.THE HARVEST GYPSIES John Steinbeck Seven articles originally published in the San Francisco News, Octoberreformatted This file is not to be sold. The first article introduces the background of the migrants, or the "new gypsies" as Steinbeck calls them, for the purpose of establishing their histories and way of life (19).
Steinbeck explains the migrants are constantly kept on the move as they must follow the crops ready for harvest up and down the state. The Harvest Gypsies () is a collection of seven newspaper articles John Steinbeck was commissioned to write for the San Francisco News, which were published consecutively from October 5 Full description/5(10).
The Harvest Gypsies [John Steinbeck] on killarney10mile.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Selected by NYU as one of the century's best books of American journalism Gathered in this volume are seven long-form articles that John Steinbeck wrote in about the plight of migrant farmworkers during the Dust Bowl/5(33).
The Harvest Gypsies: On the Road to the Grapes of Wrath - Kindle edition by John Steinbeck, Charles Wollenberg. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.
Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Harvest Gypsies: On the Road to the Grapes of Wrath/5(32). Steinbeck’s The Harvest Gypsies March 1, A family from Oklahoma outside a makeshift dwelling in a growing settlement of lettuce workers on.Download